Prostate Cancer

About Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. It is the 2nd leading cancer killer of men, behind lung cancer. It is generally very slow growing and most men die with prostate cancer (meaning that they die of some other cause) rather than from it. There are almost 2.8 million men living with prostate cancer in the USA.

Still, it kills about 30,000 men each year. But detected early, prostate cancer can be treated. While no one knows how to prevent prostate cancer, there may be ways to reduce your risk. It is thought that these help reduce the risk for most forms of cancer.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer in its early stages typically doesn’t produce noticeable symptoms. However, as the disease advances, symptoms may arise that resemble those associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and/or prostatitis. More information about BPH and prostatitis can be found in the respective sections on this website. Some common symptoms of prostate cancer include:
Prostate cancer is difficult to diagnose early as symptoms are usually absent or similar to non-cancerous conditions. Regular screening and consulting with a healthcare provider is crucial for early detection.

Treatments For Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer treatments include active surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. The choice of treatment depends on the stage and aggressiveness of the cancer, and the patient’s age and overall health. Treatment decisions should be made in consultation with a healthcare provider.

Active Surveillance

Active surveillance, also known as “watchful waiting,” may be a suitable option if the doctor determines that the cancer is slow-growing and unlikely to metastasize. While this approach avoids the risks of other treatment options, it requires regular monitoring in case of any negative changes. Genetic testing is a potential consideration during active surveillance, as it can detect mutations in genes that impact the rate of prostate cancer spread.


Prostatectomy is the surgical removal of the prostate gland. It can result in side effects such as temporary urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction. There are several surgical options for prostatectomy, including:

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is a common treatment for prostate cancer, which uses high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells. It can be delivered externally (external beam radiation therapy) or internally (brachytherapy), or a combination of both. Side effects of radiation therapy may include fatigue, urinary problems, and bowel issues. 

Radiation therapy is often used as a primary treatment for localized prostate cancer or as an adjuvant therapy after surgery to prevent cancer recurrence. The choice of radiation therapy approach depends on the stage and characteristics of the cancer, and the patient’s individual circumstances.

Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy, also known as androgen deprivation therapy, is a treatment for prostate cancer that involves lowering the levels of male hormones (androgens) such as testosterone in the body. This is achieved through medications or surgical removal of the testicles. 

Hormone therapy can help shrink or slow down the growth of prostate cancer cells, and is often used as a primary treatment for advanced or metastatic prostate cancer. Side effects of hormone therapy may include hot flashes, fatigue, and loss of bone density. Hormone therapy is not a curative treatment, but can help manage the cancer and its symptoms.

Cryosurgery / Cryotherapy

Cryosurgery, also known as cryotherapy, is a minimally invasive treatment for prostate cancer that involves freezing and destroying cancer cells using extremely cold temperatures. During cryosurgery, small probes are inserted into the prostate gland and liquid nitrogen or argon gas is circulated through them to freeze and destroy the cancer cells. 

Cryosurgery is typically used as a salvage therapy for recurrent prostate cancer after other treatments have failed. It may also be considered as a primary treatment option for low-risk prostate cancer. Side effects of cryosurgery may include urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction, and damage to surrounding tissues. Cryosurgery is still considered an experimental treatment and is not as widely used as other standard treatment options for prostate cancer.

Our Specialist

Dr. Priyadarshi Ranjan

MS, MCh ( Urosurgery, PGI Chandigarh)

Dr Priyadarshi Ranjan is an internationally acclaimed urologist, with experience of over two decades managing patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and cancer prostate. 

He has been not only medically managing prostate problems but is specially trained to conduct endoscopic and laser procedures of the prostate such as laser prostatectomy, TURP (Transurethral resection of Prostate) and Robot assisted Radical Prostatectomy for BPH and prostate cancer.

Consult doctor for effective prostate treatment.

Consult with your healthcare provider to determine the best course of treatment for your prostate cancer and take proactive steps towards better health

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